Teeth consist of three layers, the hard, protective outer coating is the enamel, which covers the dentin. The third inside layer is the pulp. This inner chamber houses all of the tooth’s blood vessels, nerves, and other live tissues.
In situations where the pulp gets exposed and becomes contaminated, the infection can spread deep into the inner chamber. Conditions that lead to pulp exposure include a tooth fracture or a large cavity. Tooth infections often spread to the inner chamber. An untreated infection is likely to worsen and travel to the roots and even potentially enter the bloodstream. A trauma or impact to the tooth can also damage the pulp and lead to health problems.
The standard procedure to treat these issues is a root canal treatment. However, ‘root canal’ is not the proper term for surgery. Technically, the root canal describes the narrow tubes that link the pulp chamber to the tip of the root. The medical term used in endodontic dentistry is pulpectomy. This commonly performed surgery is a very effective method for curing an infected tooth. The procedure involves disinfecting and refilling the inner cavern while minimizing tooth damage and eliminating pain.
During a root canal treatment, our dentist in Pearland, TX — a root canal specialist—removes the dead, infected tissue from the pulp space. The chamber is later cleaned, disinfected, and sealed with special filling materials. With today’s innovative technologies and advanced dental techniques, root canal treatments are completed much faster with significantly less discomfort. Following the procedure, our endodontist near you will place a crown over the treated tooth for added protection.